What are veneers?
Veneers are called dental microprostheses in the form of overlays for facing the front teeth. They are a solid plate that covers the front of the tooth and goes to its cutting edge.
The service life of veneers is on average from 5 to 20 years – it depends on the quality of the material from which they are made. The time for their manufacture ranges from 1 to 2 weeks.
What are the contraindications for their installation?
Veneers can not be installed in all cases. There are contraindications to the procedure: severe tooth destruction, the presence of large fillings, as well as fillings installed on the inside of the tooth, severe occlusion defects, bruxism, poor oral hygiene, and bad habits.
If the patient is not going to spend his time caring for veneers, installing them will be a waste of money.
What types of veneers exist and what is the difference between them?
Among veneers, ceramic, composite and lumineers are distinguished.
Ceramic are considered the most durable in composition and are closer to the natural appearance of the tooth. They do not darken, look quite natural and do not differ from their own teeth. Their service life is at least 10 years with proper handling.
Composite – quite a budget option overlays. They have high strength, but visually may slightly differ from native teeth in shades and transparency. Over time, they can change the color to a darker and cloudy one. Service life with careful wearing will be about 5 years.
Lumineers are the most expensive and absolutely harmless option to create a beautiful smile. They are made of porcelain and differ from veneers in increased strength, are much thinner in appearance and look more natural in the oral cavity. For their installation, additional dental treatment is not required (part of the enamel does not grind off). They are installed in a short time and absolutely painless. However, such prostheses are made only in America.
How is the installation procedure?
It takes several stages and takes about 2 weeks on average: tooth preparation, replacement of old fillings, caries treatment, selection of veneer color, grinding of enamel to fix it, creation of a dental impression, installation of a temporary plastic plate, production of veneer in laboratory conditions, installation of finished veneer on a special composition.
What are the pros and cons of the procedure?
As with any medical manipulation, the installation of veneers has its pros and cons, which are important to understand.
It’s easier to talk about the pros. The main thing: the ability to make a smile as delightful as possible without making any effort to this, and even for many years. Veneers are made from hypoallergenic and biocompatible with human tissues materials. Plaque does not accumulate on their surfaces.
Microprostheses are resistant to food products containing coloring pigments.
Veneers will not change their color from drinking coffee, red wine, strong tea, or smoking.
As for the disadvantages of installing veneers, the main one is the inability to remove them.
Preparation for the installation of veneers requires the preparation of enamel: the enamel coating is removed on a layer with a thickness of 0.5 to 0.7 millimeters. The thickness of the enamel removal is insignificant, but this process has negative consequences – the tooth loses its natural protection against bacteria, the action of aggressive chemical and mechanical factors. If later veneers need to be removed, it is necessary either to reinstall the pad again, or to carry out artistic restoration of tooth surfaces using a different technology.
If we talk about composite veneers, their shortcomings: darkening of the material and poor strength – in this case you can not gnaw solid food and careful oral care must be observed. With severe tooth deformation, which has been corrected by installing veneers, human diction can significantly change. There will be a foreign body sensation in the mouth. But this passes over time.
With the unprofessional implementation of this procedure, a number of negative consequences arise. This is a discoloration of the installed lining, and the occurrence of tooth hypersensitivity, and trauma to the soft tissues of the oral cavity. And most importantly – they do not make the teeth themselves healthier and stronger.
To establish or not is everyone’s personal choice. But before deciding, I advise you to weigh the pros and cons well, and then find a competent specialist.